Musical Iconography of Violin Through Folkloric Performance Practices and Traditional Music Repertoires: Folkloric Identities Attributed to Violin in 20th Century Music.
This study aims to determine the folkloric material used in violin works composed in the 20th century, and how the material used is reflected on the instrument by comparing the violin’s traditional music repertoire. For this purpose, the use of folkloric material, the evaluation of the way it is reflected in the works, and the determination of the tonal evolution of the instrument in the said era is provided.
In line with the findings obtained, it was concluded that studies on folk music in countries where the “Nation-State” model was adopted developed similarly, and some of the characteristic features found in folk music were used/experienced in different regions, including distant geographies. It is seen that the violin, as an instrument played over a wide geographical area in terms of performance, gained its technical and discursive position with its behavioral patterns that were based on the grammar of classicism, especially in the Central European music traditions, and reinforced in the romantic period. In line with the folklorism movements in the 20th century, with the use of folk music elements in the compositions, it became popular in both classical and folk music, and it was valued as an instrument positioned on the common ground of musical expression. When the works of this period were examined, it was determined that the instrument depicted the characteristic qualities of folk music and the identity images parallel to them by reflecting certain characters in these oriented works, in addition to using technical indicators.